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Anti-Malaria

Anti-Malaria

Anti-malaria treatments

Nationwide Pharmacies online doctor service provides offers on a full range of anti-malaria treatments for all regions

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Malaria is a debilitating condition that is still prevalent in many parts of the world. While it may start off with flu-like symptoms, this can quickly snowball into the more serious symptoms. In extreme cases malaria can be fatal and even the best-case scenario upon contracting it is unpleasant.

As a result, if you plan to visit a malaria-infested region in the near future it’s essential that you begin a course of anti-malarial drugs. Combined with some basic behavioural changes, these anti-malarials will keep you safe from danger.

Symptoms of Malaria

Most commonly malaria presents itself initially in the form of headaches, diarrhoea and vomiting. Soon afterwards though these are normally joined by far less pleasant symptoms, such as a raging fever, uncontrollable shivering, pain and weakness in the muscles and excessive sweating.

Worse, if you come from a country where malaria is not endemic, you’re even more likely to contract it while abroad, and to experience it’s full effects. This is because individuals from malaria-prone areas have had a chance to build up some kind of immunity over the years. And while malaria may still be contracted from time to time, the existing antibodies mean that the symptoms are far more minor and it takes less time to beat the infection.

On the other hand, those of us who have not grown up in the presence of malaria are most prone to attacks. For this reason if you’re planning to visit a malarial region of the world it’s essential that you commence a course of anti-malarials before you travel.

Note that in most cases it is necessary to start taking anti-malarials several weeks before travel to ensure you have suitable protection on arrival. It is therefore essential to plan ahead and organize your ant-malarial medications as early as possible in your holiday planning process.

Anti-Malarial Treatments

Fortunately there are a range of highly effective anti-malarial treatments though they are all offered solely on prescription. Furthermore, note that each individual member of your family will normally need their own prescription – and hence their own supply of anti-malarial drugs. Consequently if you are planning to arrange anti-malarials for your whole family, it will be necessary for each family member to have their own prescription.

But what drugs are available to help combat the risk of contracting malaria while away on holiday? Right now there are three main treatments for malaria; namely Lariam, Doxycycline and Malarone, each with their individual strengths and weaknesses.

 

Malarone (Atovaquone Proguanil)

Malarone uses two different antimalarial agents in combination; atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride. This "dual protection" means that it is one of the most popular anti-malarials for those wanting the most reliable form of malaria protection currently on the market. It is also simplicity itself to take; simply consume 1 tablet a day, starting a mere two days before entering a malaria zone and continuing on for a week after returning from holiday.

In addition to the standard Malarone dosage there is also a paediactric version for use by children and teenagers. Whilst the frequency of application is identical to the standard Malarone dose, the actual volume will depend on your children. It is key therefore to be able to provide guidance to the prescribing doctor about the ages and weights of any children for whom you want Malarone.

Dose: 1 Tablet daily

Start Treatment: 2 Days before entering a malaria zone

Stop Treatment: 1 Week after leaving a malaria zone

Manufactured by GSK logo

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Lariam (Mefloquine)

Larium uses Mefloquine hydrochloride to directly attack the malaria-causing parasite. Due to it's effectiveness, it has gained a reputation for high levels of protection in areas where there is an extremely high risk of infection. However, in contrast to Malarone, it is necessary to start taking Larium two weeks before entering a malaria zone and to continue on the once-daily tablet for four weeks after arriving home. Larium therefore offers a high level of protection but must be taken for much longer than Malarone.

Dose: 1 Tablet weekly

Start Treatment: 2 Weeks before entering a malaria zone

Stop Treatment: 4 Weeks after leaving a malaria zone

Manufactured by Roche

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Doxycycline

This antibiotic can be useful for killing off the bacteria that cause the symptoms of malaria. Simply take one tablet a day, starting 2 days before you enter a malaria zone and maintain this simple dosing for up to four weeks after you leave the malarial zone.

Dose: 1 Tablet daily

Start Treatment: 2 Days before entering a malaria zone

Stop Treatment: 4 Weeks after leaving a malaria zone

Manufactured by Chanelle Medical

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How to Prevent Malaria

Treating an existing case of malaria can be challenging even for the best doctors in the world. Malaria treatment is therefore one example where prevention is most definitely better than cure. Some doctors will tell you there is no such thing as 100% guaranteed protection. As a result, if you want to avoid any risk of contracting malaria it is best to avoid malarial countries altogether.

Of course, many people each year still choose to visit malarial-prone areas and suffer no ill effects whatsoever. The first part of the fight against malaria is to ensure that you have organizes a dose of anti-malarial drugs. Be careful as anti-malarials often have very specific instructions for how they must be taken; typically your dose must be started some weeks before you head off abroad and your treatment will normally continue for some time after you return. As malaria can take some weeks to incubate it is essential that you complete the course of drugs.

Avoiding the mosquito’s bite can also be beneficial for avoiding the risks of malaria, though should never be considered a fool-proof alternative to anti-malarial medications. Wearing long sleeves and trousers will help to protect the skin, as will the use of hats to protect the top of the head. Remember that when mosquitos bite, they use a numbing agent, so you may not even be aware that you’re getting bitten.

In addition, it is advisable to invest in a good quality mosquito net to sleep under. The best of these are infused with insecticides to keep mosquitos as far away as possible. Ensure that the mesh you choose is of a suitable diameter and fully covers your bed.

Lastly, as mosquitos are almost exclusively nocturnal, for best protection consider staying indoors after sundown. By closing all your doors and windows well in advance of darkness, the vast majority of mosquitos will be trapped outside of your residence.